Author: Kathrin Bajer
Supervisor: Lieven Rouffaer, MSc. Ost.
Introduction: The diaphragm is a large muscle that due to its location in the chest affects the entire spine and many organs in the body. Mechanically, neurologically and vasculary, the diaphragm is intimately connected with the spine, and different organs. such as the regulation of respiration. Because of its numerous vital functions, the diaphragm therefore plays a central role in the osteopathic treatment.
Question: Does an osteopathic treatment of the diaphragm haves an effect on the autonomic nervous system?
Hypothesis: An osteopathic treatment of the diaphragm causes changes in the autonomic nervous system and may have an effect on somatic dysfunction of the spine.
The aim of the work: The study aims to show that an osteopathic treatment of the diaphragm can have a direct effect on the autonomic nervous system, and thus on the spine and the somatic dysfunction.
Method: For this purpose of this study a single-blind randomized controlled experiment was performed. The control group and experimental group were each divided into ten healthy men and ten healthy women. The sympathetic nervous system was measured by the Insight Millennium thermal scanner on the basis of temperature changes, before and after the intervention / rest. The diaphragm is treated with a series of four techniques.
Results: Statistical analysis revealed no significant effect on the autonomic nervous system in the entire spinal area with p> 0.100. In terms of age a significant effect in the cervical spine was found (p = 0.023). In terms of gender and BMI no significance results were obtained.(p> 0.080).
Conclusion: The hypotheses were not confirmed. Further research should take other factors such as thermography heart rate variability, pain measurement (algometry) and asymmetry measurement record by surface elektromyelogramm into account.